I had very little appreciation for the summer and winter solstices until I lived in Alaska. As we all know, the earth makes one revolution around the sun every 365 days. Due to the tilt of the earth on its axis, the northern hemisphere is closest to the sun during the summer, and furthest during the winter. The winter solstice marks the shortest day of the year and the longest night. It marks the transition to lengthening days and shorter nights.